Retail Imports Surge Ahead of Dec. Tariffs
U.S. retailers respond to tariff threat
Volume at the nation's major container ports bumped up significantly in November as retailers imported merchandise ahead of new tariffs set to take effect this month, according to the Global Port Tracker report released today by the National Retail Federation and Hackett Associates.
“Tariffs are bad for both consumer and business confidence, and we hope that the December tariffs will be canceled or postponed as a sign of good faith.” – NRF Vice President for Supply Chain and Customs Policy Jonathan Gold
“At this point, holiday merchandise is already in the country, so the direct impact of new tariffs won't be seen until the season is over,” said NRF Vice President for Supply Chain and Customs Policy Jonathan Gold. “Nonetheless, tariffs are bad for both consumer and business confidence, and we hope that the December tariffs will be canceled or postponed as a sign of good faith. We need a deal with China as soon as possible so we can bring an end to the trade war that has put a drag on the U.S. economy for far too long.”
President Trump announced a tentative agreement on a partial trade deal with China in October, but the measure has yet to be finalized and a new round of tariffs on consumer goods is still scheduled to take effect December 15.
“The U.S. consumer has shrugged off the slowdown in the economy,” said Hackett Associates Founder Ben Hackett. “Even though growth has slowed, low unemployment and higher wages have helped bolster purchases and, thereby, imports for consumer goods.”
Nonetheless, the trade war is “one of the factors that is impacting our forward-looking models as we continue to show slower long-term growth in import volumes,” Hackett said.
U.S. ports covered by Global Port Tracker handled 1.88 million Twenty-Foot Equivalent Units in October, the latest month for which after-the-fact numbers are available. That was up 0.6 percent from September but down 7.5 percent from the all-time monthly record of 2 million TEU in October 2018. TEU is one 20-foot-long cargo container or its equivalent.
November jumped to an estimated at 1.95 million TEU, up 8 percent year-over-year as retailers frontloaded imports ahead of this month’s scheduled tariffs. That was the highest number since 1.97 million TEU in August, when retailers did the same ahead of tariffs that took effect in September. December is expected to drop to 1.79 million TEU both because of the new tariffs and the usual falloff in imports as the holiday season winds down. The projected December number is down 8.9 percent from high numbers seen a year ago during a similar pattern of bringing in merchandise ahead of new tariffs.
The first half of 2019 totaled 10.5 million TEU, up 2.1 percent over the first half of 2018, and 2019 is expected to see a new annual record of 21.9 million TEU. That would be up 0.8 percent from last year’s previous record of 21.8 million TEU.
January 2020 is forecast at 1.87 million TEU, down 1.2 percent from January 2019. February – traditionally the slowest month of the year because of Lunar New Year factory shutdowns in Asia – is forecast at 1.62 million TEU, down 0.3 percent from a year ago. March is forecast at 1.76 million TEU, up an unusually high 9.2 percent because of fluctuations in the Lunar New Year calendar, while April is forecast at 1.84 million TEU, up 5.6 percent year-over-year.
Global Port Tracker, which is produced for NRF by the consulting firm Hackett Associates, covers the U.S. ports of Los Angeles/Long Beach, Oakland, Seattle and Tacoma on the West Coast; New York/New Jersey, Port of Virginia, Charleston, Savannah, Port Everglades, Miami and Jacksonville on the East Coast, and Houston on the Gulf Coast.
The report is free to NRF retail members.
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