With the first line of Guangzhou Metro opened in 1997, Guangzhou is the fourth city in Mainland China to have an underground railway system, behind Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai. Currently the underground network is made up of five lines, covering a total length of 157 km (98 mi), while another four lines are under construction and due to be completed in 2010 before the Asian Games. A long term plan is to make the city's underground system expand over 500 km (310 mi) by 2020 with 15 lines in operation.
Buses, taxis and motorcycles
From January 1, 2007, the municipal government has banned motorcycles in the urban areas. Motorcycles found violating the ban will be confiscated. The Guangzhou traffic bureau claimed to have reported reduced traffic problems and accidents in the downtown area since the ban.
According to a report on the China Daily of July 6, 2007, all buses and taxis in Guangzhou will be LPG-fueled by 2010 to promote clean energy for transportation and improve the environment. At present, Guangzhou is the city that uses the most LPG-fueled vehicles in the world. As of the end of 2006, 6,500 buses and 16,000 taxis were using LPG, taking up 85% of all buses and taxis.
Air transport——Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Established in the 1930s, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is one of the three primary aviation hubs in mainland China, playing a significant role in the layout of China's civil airports. It ranked second best airport in the appraisal for China's 500 biggest service enterprises in 1994. It was also listed in the Top 500 State-owned Enterprises in 1994 and selected by the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) as an "Airport with Good Service" in 1998.
The new Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was put into operation on August 5th, 2004. The airport covers an area of 15 square kilometers with a total investment of 19.8 billion yuan. It is the first landing area in China that was designed and built with the airport hub concept. The two parallel runways in the first phase of the construction were built with navigation grade 4E, and the terminal area was designed to accommodate a projected passenger turnover of 25 million in 2010. The 320,000-square-meter Phase One of the terminal complex is the biggest of its kind in China, with the most advanced equipment and facilities meeting international standards. Thanks to its ability to serve with nearly 30 types of aircraft, Baiyun Airport has now set up business relations with 33 airlines and opened more than 110 air routes to over 100 cities at home and abroad. China Southern Airlines and Shenzhen Airlines are two home carriers of the airport.
Guangzhou now has the JingGuang railway (Beijing-Guangzhou), the GuangShen railway (Guangzhou-Shenzhen), the GuangMao railway (Guangzhou-Maoming) and the GuangMeiShan railway (Guangzhou-Meizhou-Shantou). In late 2009, the Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway started its service, which enables Multiple-unit to cover 980 km at an average speed of 320 kph.
Intercity transport to Hong Kong
Guangzhou is well connected to Hong Kong by train, coach and ferry. The Guangdong Through Train departs from the Guangzhou East railway station (simplified Chinese: 广州东站; traditional Chinese: 廣州東站; pinyin: Guǎngzhōu Dōngzhàn) and arrive at the Hung Hom KCR station in Kowloon, Hong Kong. The route is approximately 182 km (113 mi) in length and the ride takes less than two hours. Frequent coach services are also provided with coaches departing every day from different locations (mostly major hotels) around the city.
Port of Guangzhou is one of the main coastal ports in China and the significant hinge of the country's integrated transportation system. It possesses 6 port operation areas including Inner Port Area, Huangpu Port Area, Xinsha Port Area, Nansha Port Area and anchorage ground of Zhujiangkou (estuary of the Pearl River) water area.
The Inner Port Area is for transportation of energy sources, raw materials, food supplies, chandlery and the cargo-handling of containers, as well as passenger transportation in the Pearl River Delta area. The Huangpu Port Area is for transportation of containers, food supplies, coal, fertilizer and finished oil in the coastal area. Xinsha Port Area is for containers, coal, ore, food supplies and fertilizer. The Nansha Port Area is for Vehicle Ro-ro Ships, chandlery, energy sources, liquid chemical materials and containers; also bonded area, logistics industry, trade business and bulk cargo transportation will be developed in the Nansha Port.
Container volume of the Port of Guangzhou grows rapidly as the economy in the hinterland of the Pearl River area booms. Container volume reached 100 million tons in the year 1999 and became the second port in mainland China that was listed in the world largest ports. Till 2007, the port handled 370 million tons of cargo with over 9,990 thousand containers, ranking 3rd in China and 5th of the world's top 10.